This article will discuss Food & Beverages Management, its History, and FMCG’s Relation to Hospitality Services.


In various locations in the United States, United Kingdom, & Canada, soft drinks are typically called soda, pop, or soda pop. Non-alcoholic soft drinks sometimes incorporate carbonation; however, this is only sometimes the case. In contrast, alcoholic beverages refer to “hard drinks” (or “drinks” occasionally). Colas, sparkling water, lemonade, squash, and fruit punch are popular soft drinks. This category does not contain beverages like hot chocolate, tea, coffee, milk, tap water, alcohol, and milkshakes. Although soft drinks are trendy and famous worldwide, there are substantial worries over the health effects of their frequent consumption. They are supposed to replace healthier drinks like milk and fruit juices while giving practically no nutrition unless fortified with vitamins and minerals. The drinks sometimes have excessive calories, sweetened with refined sugar or corn syrup. Furthermore, the drinks typically have harmful substances such as artificial colouring, flavouring, and flavour. Numerous studies have connected excessive sugar-sweetened beverages to weight gain and an increased risk of acquiring type 2 diabetes (especially in women). 

The word “soft drink” was initially employed to separate flavoured drinks from hard liquor. The early Americans’ heavy drinking habits were urged to be modified, and soft drinks were proposed as an alternative. In reality, new categories of soft drinks highlighting low-calorie count, low salt level, no caffeine, and “all-natural” components got introduced in response to contemporary consumers’ anxieties about their health.

There are lots of such unusual soft drinks. In Europe and Latin America, mineral waters are trendy. People in Fiji and other Pacific islands consume kava, a beverage prepared from the roots of a bushy plant named Piper methysticum. People in Cuba appreciate carbonated cane juice with unprocessed syrup as its flavour. Soft drinks containing soybean flour have been offered in tropical countries, where diets typically fall short on protein. Carob (locust bean) extract got exploited in Egypt. In Brazil, maté got used as the base for a soft drink. In North Africa, whey from the manufacturing of buffalo cheese is carbonated and drank as a soft drink. A beverage prepared from fermented stale bread is popular among some Eastern European communities. One of Israel’s most famous cocktails mixes orange juice and honey.

History of soft drinks:

The creation of liquids with fruit flavours is where soft drinks started. Many distinct fruit-flavoured soft drinks, notably sharbat, were extensively eaten in the medieval Middle East. These beverages were commonly sweetened with sugar, syrup, and honey. Lemon, pomegranate, apple, tamarind, sumac, jujube, mint, musk, and ice were all used. Later, Middle Eastern drinks acquired favour in medieval Europe, where the word “syrup” had Arabic origins. “Water imperial,” a sweetened beverage with a lemon flavor and cream of tartar, was frequently eaten in Tudor England. A sweetened cordial with rosewater, violets, or cinnamon tastes was known as “Manays Cryste.”

Lemonade, another early soft drink made of water and lemon juice and sweetened with honey but without carbonated water, is another example. In 1676, a monopoly for selling lemonade soft drinks was awarded to the Paris-based Compagnie des Limonadiers. Lemonade was served to Parisians in cups by merchants who carried tanks of soft drinks on their backs.

–        Carbonated drinks

Drinks containing dissolved carbon dioxide in carbonated water are known as carbonated or fizzy drinks. Effervescence or fizz is formed when CO2 dissolves in a liquid. Since carbon dioxide is only slightly soluble in water, it separates into a gas when the pressure is lifted. Carbon dioxide is typically pumped at high pressure during the surgery. When the pressure is removed, the solution becomes effervescent or bubbly because the carbon dioxide is ejected from the solution as tiny bubbles.

To produce carbonated beverages, blend cold flavouring syrup with cooled carbonated water. Up to five volumes of CO2 may be added to a beverage to boost its carbonation. There are 3.5 volumes of carbonation in ginger ale, colas, and similar liquids. Other drinks, particularly fruity ones, have less carbonation.

Scientists made considerable improvements in replicating naturally carbonated mineral waters in the late 18th century. When Joseph Priestley, an Englishman, put a bowl of distilled water over a beer vat at a regional brewery in England in 1767, he discovered how to infuse carbon dioxide with water to make carbonated water. The essential and defining characteristic of most soft drinks is the development of carbonated water, subsequently known as soda water, owing to the usage of soda powders in its commercial manufacture.

Priestley offered his friends this pleasant beverage after learning that the water he had prepared in this manner tasted great. Priestley described pouring sulfuric acid, or oil of abuse as it is now called, atop chalk. To generate carbon dioxide, encourage the gas to dissolve into a flustrated bowl of water in a book published in 1772, Impregnating Water with Fixed Air.

Priestley’s concept was improved by another Englishman, John Mervin Nooth, who later commercialized his gadget for use in pharmacies. Swedish physicist Torbern Bergman built a carbonation device using sulfuric acid to make carbonated water from chalk. Bergman’s technology made it feasible to create a lot of counterfeit mineral water. In the half of the eighteenth century, Swedish scientist Jöns Jacob Berzelius started flavouring carbonated water with spices, juices, and wine. In the 1770s, an apothecary from Manchester, Thomas Henry, was the first to supply artificial mineral water to the common public for medicinal purposes. Three drachms of fossil alkali were added to a quart of water in his recipe for Bewley’s Mephitic Julep, and the maker was compelled to add streams of fixed air until the entire alkaline taste was removed.

Caffeine Source for Some Soft Drinks: Uncover the Secret

Johann Jacob Schweppe created a technique for generating mineral water in bottles. He formed the Schweppes Company in Geneva to commercialize carbonated water in 1783. In 1792, he shifted his enterprise to London. His drink immediately became well-liked, and Erasmus Darwin became one of his new clients. King William IV awarded the Schweppes business a royal license in 1843 to commercialize at the Holywell Malvern Water Spring in the Malvern Hills.

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Flavouring and carbonated water were combined not long after. In 1809 a treatise on Brewing got published, providing the first reference to carbonated ginger beer. Drinking mineral water, whether natural or manufactured, was advocated at the time as a desirable practice by proponents of temperance. Pharmacies that sold mineral water began flavouring it with chemicals and plants. In addition to other components, they utilized dandelion, birch beer, fruit extracts, sarsaparilla, and others.

–        Mass market and Industriliasitation

Soft drinks swiftly outgrew their medical beginnings and developed into a widely utilized product affordable for the general population. There were more than fifty soft drink companies in London by the 1840s, compared to just 10 in the 1820s. In 1833, carbonated lemonade was commonly distributed at British refreshment kiosks. R. White’s Lemonade was launched in the U.K. market in 1845. Schweppes was selected as the official beverage supplier for the Great Exhibition of 1851, which occurred in Hyde Park in London, and sold more than a million bottles of lemonade, ginger beer, Seltzer water, and soda water. At the entrance to the performance, there was a Schweppes soda water fountain.

Drinks containing mixers gained popularity in the 3/4th of the 20th century. British officials stationed in tropical South Asia and Africa employed tonic water with quinine added as a prophylactic against malaria. Due to the bitter quinine powder, people began mixing it with soda and sugar to produce essential tonic water. In 1858, the first tonic water for sale was developed. The gin and tonic drink also originated in British colonial India when the local British residents blended gin with their quinine tonic for medicinal reasons.

The inefficiency of the bottle seal was a reoccurring problem in the soft drink sector. Since the gas puts much pressure on carbonated drink bottles, inventors sought the best technique to prevent the bubbles or carbon dioxide from escaping. If the pressure is too high, the bottles may explode. In 1870, Hiram Codd built a patented bottling machine while engaged at a minor mineral water plant in London’s Islington’s Caledonian Road. His Codd-neck bottle was designed with a chamber in the neck for marble and a rubber washer. The bottles were filled with gas upside down, forcing the marble against the washer to lock in the carbonation. To build a chamber into which the marble may be inserted to open the bottle. An unusual shape was provided for the bottle. The wine that was poured protected the stone from clogging the neck. In 1887, a broad selection of drinks, all of which were offered in Codd’s glass bottles, were available on R. White’s pricing list. These drinks included strawberry, raspberry, cherryade, and cream soda. R. White’s was, at this stage, the major soft drink manufacturer in London and southeast England.

William Painter, a machine shop owner from Baltimore, Maryland, filed a patent for the “Crown Cork Bottle Seal” in 1892. The bubbles in the bottle were efficiently retained for the first time by this bottle top. The first patent for a piece of glass-blowing equipment used in the automated manufacturing of glass bottles was issued in 1899. Glass bottles from the past had all been hand-blown. The new bottle-blowing technology was put into operation four years later. Michael Owens, a Libby Glass Company employee, managed it at first. Glass bottle production grew from 1,400 bottles per day to around 58,000 bottles per day in a short period.

Soda fountains were previously more widespread in America when many people would go there daily. Benjamin Silliman, a chemistry professor at Yale University, began selling soda water in New Haven, Connecticut 1806. To make his waters, he deployed a Nooth gadget. Early in the 19th century, Philadelphia and New York City businesses began selling soda water. John Lippincott of Philadelphia & John Matthews of New York City started producing soda fountains in the 1830s. Both people attained success and developed enormous facilities for the fabrication of fountains. Bottled drinks remained a modest proportion of the market during most of the 19th century, owing to problems in the American glass industry. They were popular in England, however. In the 1848 classic The Tenant of Wildfell Hall, the caddish Huntingdon gets up at lunchtime and downs a bottle of soda water as he recovers from months of indiscretion.

Worldwide sales of bottled soda rose rapidly in the early 20th century, and in the 3/4th of the century, canned soft drinks earned a considerable market share. The phrase “Home-Paks” arose in the 1920s. The well-known cardboard six-pack containers are referred to as “Home-Paks.” In the 1920s, vending machines also made their appearance. Soft drink vending machines have risen in popularity since then. These self-service machines all around the world serve hot and soft drinks.

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Why Soft Drinks?

More than 60% of hospitality business owners think that over the last year, soft drinks have grown in importance to their menu. However, research shows that many needs to consider their range or work to promote them sufficiently. According to a survey of company owners from the fine, casual, pub, and hotel sectors, soft drinks are predicted to climb at 73%. But many individuals need clarification about properly exploiting this area’s opportunities. Alcohol usage is continuing to diminish, particularly among those aged 18 to 24, which allows the sector to grow sales of unique non-alcoholic solutions. However, only 7% of operators carry 20 or more soft drink brands, and 50% of all operators stock ten or fewer.

Staff in restaurants, hotels, and pubs were also found to be unprepared to upsell or push soft drinks, with only 28% of operators have offered training in this area, despite 561% of operators wishing the staff to do so. Businessmen observe that soft drinks are becoming more popular with drinkers in various social settings, especially when consumed alongside food. Soft drinks aren’t only for the designated driver anymore. They are increasing the soft drink menu with additional high-quality adult soft drinks, including a section of inventive flavours, to ensure that non-drinkers don’t feel left out and to still engage in a round of drinks with friends.

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FMCG relation to Hospitality services:

Worldwide, the restaurant business has witnessed a considerable annual revenue rise. From 2009 to 2017, the industry in the U.S. achieved a compound annual growth in sales (CAGR) rate of 4.4%. In Europe, the restaurant industry experienced a sales value rise of 7.7% and 7.4%, respectively, in 2018 over 2013. Large developing countries also showed strong revenue growth, with China, India, and Nigeria reporting rises of 33%, 29%, and 11% from 2013 to 2018. 20% of people in the U.K. eat out at least once per week; however, in the U.S., eating out costs more per family than at home. In Australia, 27% of weekly household food and drink expenditure, or more than $45 billion annually, is spent at restaurants. However, because meals taken outside the house are less nutrient-dense, more sumptuous in portion size, and higher in fat, sugar, and salt, eating outside the home has been critiqued for having a harmful influence on public health. Additionally, the beverage options supplied by hotels and restaurants are generally higher in calories and sugar, associated with an escalating risk of Type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

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The food and beverage goods supplied via the hotel industry are changing dramatically due to customer demand and public/political pressure to replace high-calorie items with healthier alternatives [19, 20]. This is an acknowledgement of the rising public health concerns. High-calorie, sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) are still ubiquitous in the hospitality industry, even though diets have continuously gotten healthier.

To win over clients interested in health, hospitality firms may broaden their menus to offer more functional meals, such as beverages with added vitamins, probiotics, and low sugar content. Additionally, boosting the number of healthy menu alternatives and presenting more facts about the items’ healthiness are vital for encouraging consumers to make healthy choices. A hospitality company’s stance on the distribution of healthy beverages was explored. In a recent study by Hallak et al., Their telephone interviews with 400 managers and owners of hospitality businesses indicated the following variables to be significant in selecting whether to offer healthy beverages: availability of the goods, locally made, product margins of profit, and consumer demand levels.

Further study on the need for healthy drinks from the perspective of hospitality clients was also observed by Hallak et al.

The beverage business’s revenues, which comprise over 40% of the hotel industry, are among the fastest-growing beverage categories. They may also be the healthiest product that is the easiest to add because they are easy to sell, distribute, and adapt in terms of looking to fit customer tastes. These beverages include teas prepared for ingestion, 100% superfruit juices like pomegranate, cherry, and cloudy pear juice, bottled water, herbal teas, kombucha, and other products.

Hospitality Consumers’ attitudes and perceptions, likes and preferences, price, and willingness to pay influence their decisions to purchase food or drinks. Despite studies showing customer demand for healthier beverages, whether customers would pay more for comparable beneficial beverage commodities is still being determined. Are buyers willing to pay extra money for a product touted as being healthy? If so, at what price will people pick the more beneficial alternative or the unhealthier, less-priced option? Although the nutritional profile of beverage products may be used to determine their healthiness, consumer opinions of what is perceived as “healthy” vary. This highlights the broader questions of what beverages consumers think to be healthy, how they judge healthiness, and whether or not they are willing to pay a higher price.

With seltzer makers expanding into caffeinated and other functional propositions in 2022, flavour-infused “seltzer,” the common retail term for the industry, has emerged as the preferred, healthier alternative to sugar-sweetened carbonated soft drinks for many consumers.

Consumer well-being, conscious consumption, naturalness, transparency, and sustainability, on the one hand, and flavour variety and experiences, on the other, are the main drivers underlying the current product development in the beverage sector. Consumer interest in products promoting a robust immune system has increased due to the epidemic. Soft drinks like fruit juices are now made to encourage a healthy lifestyle by, for example, eliminating certain ingredients or fortifying them with vitamins or minerals. The elements have to be derived from organic, plant-based sources. Soft drinks become more appealing when they are produced as simply, sustainably, and ethically as possible. The value of unique flavour experiences is growing. As a result, manufacturers can try out new flavour combinations and pairings!

Why are you intrigued about Soft Drinks as a sub-industry? 

The body needs supplementary nutrients and water for growth, energy, and overall health. This critical blend of protein, carbohydrates, fat, vitamins, minerals, and water can be found in some beverages. As a result, soft drinks subsidize the daily necessity for both liquid and energy.

Soft drinks are terrible for having much sugar, and sugar-free diet drinks are just as divisive. However, not all these beverages are unhealthy, and some even have positive health effects.

Both soda and carbonated soft drinks, which go by different names but are the same thing, are mainly made of water, which can help me stay hydrated.

I prefer to sip soda to alcohol, which, in my opinion, is beneficial because I’m circumventing alcohol.


The idea of a hygienic soft drink may sound like an allusion. But there are specific ways that can be deployed to transform soft drinks to make them part of a healthy lifestyle.

Limit the Sugary Content: Sugar-sweetened soft drinks, cordials, fruit drinks, vitamin-style waters, flavoured mineral waters, energy drinks, and sports drinks are among the beverages that contain added sugar. Sugary drinks add more energy (kilojoules) to the diet but no other vital nutrients like protein, vitamins, minerals, or dietary fibre.

We can search for chances to add additional essential ingredients that are good for our health.

Limit artificially sweetened soft drinks – soft drinks contain artificial sweeteners instead of added sugar. Artificially sweetened beverages add very little energy (kilojoules) to the diet and therefore do not contribute directly to weight gain. 

Switch sparkling water for carbonated soft drinks. There is no proof that carbonated water damages bones, claims

 100% fruit juice and carbonated water should be combined. Orange juice and carbonated water should be mixed in an equal ratio. The fruit will supply vitamins and minerals; for instance, orange juice contains vitamin C, which aids in the growth and rebuilding of bodily tissues and the fight against free radicals.

Fresh fruit dice can be used to decorate soda. We can use fruits like oranges, pineapples, apples, cherries, and grapes. The larger fruits of your choice should be chopped into bite-sized pieces and added to your beverage. Fruits will bulk up your drink and help you feel fuller more quickly, causing you to consume less.


Dehydration can result from an absence of fluids, which can cause headaches, loss of concentration, joint pain, poor skin conditions, and other symptoms. Each person should aim to consume approximately 2 litres of fluid daily from food and drink and even more in hot weather or while exercising. Soft drinks can be a fun and refreshing way to meet that goal. We can enjoy soft drinks as part of our diet while also controlling our calorie intake thanks to a wide range of low-calorie and no-added-sugar products.

We’ve detailed what consumers want in their glasses now and on the ground based on the most current data from worldwide market research:

Today’s soft drinks should taste pleasant and, in the best case scenario, also be termed “functional beverages” with a boost of certain nutrients, such as vitamins or minerals that support an active and aware lifestyle as part of a balanced diet.

Consumers today, according to Mintel, are asking for explicit and trustworthy confirmation that a product complies with their preferences for components, moral beliefs, and health priorities:

Soft drinks with fewer calories continue to be highly popular among health-conscious consumers. Products that promote routines to relieve stress or speed up the process of falling asleep are also among the 2022 soft drink trends and are projected to be a hot choice in future shopping carts.

J. Shaw

Joseph Shaw is a renowned expert with two decades of experience in health and fitness, food, technology, travel, and tourism in the UK. His multifaceted expertise and commitment to excellence have made him a highly respected professional in each field.

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